Shaheed Chandrashekhar Azad was a fearless revolutionary and one of the greatest freedom fighter of India. He will always remain immortal in the annals of Indian history as a man who sacrificed his life on the altar of freedom. Chandrashekhar Ji was born on 23 July 1906 in village Bhavra in Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh to Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari and Jagrani Devi. He received his early schooling in Bhavra. For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.
Known for: Contribution to Indian freedom struggle
Birthday: 23 – July 1906
Obit day: 27 February 1931
Place of Birth: Bhavra (Alirajpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh)
Obit Place: Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh)
Institutions: Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras
Father: Sitaram Tiwari
Mother: Jagrani Devi Tiwari
Siblings: Sukhdev Tiwari
Lesser known facts
Chandrashekhar Azad was born with the name Chandrashekhar Tiwari in Bhavra village
His mother Srimati Jagrani Devi Tiwari was actually the 3rd wife of Shri Sitaram Tiwari. His previous two wives had died very young.
Chandrashekhar azad had his mother wishing him to be a Sanskrit scholar. She persuaded his father who sent him to Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi for his studies.
He was only a 15 years old student when he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement. He was arrested during the movement. When he was produced before a magistrate after his arrest, he actually told that his name is ‘Azad’ with his father’s name as ‘Swatantrata’ and his residence ‘Jail’. This courageousness brought a lot of recognition and from that day onwards, his name became ‘Chandra Shekhar Azad’.
Hindustan Republican Association
Ram Prasad Bismil, the famed revolutionary and the founder of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), was extremely impressed by Azad when he consciously put his hand fire and did not remove it from there till his skin burnt. Chandrashekhar azad became became a very active member of the HRA.
He actually used the forests of Orchha near Jhansi as a location for shooting practice. That is how he became an expert shooter and also trained other revolutionaries of his group. He lived under the name of ‘Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari’ for a long duration.
Chandrashekhar azad was also a very close associate of Shri Bhagwati Charan Vohra as well. Along with Sardar Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, he worked on transforming HRA to HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association). The primary objective of HSRA was to achieve Independence for India.
Shri Azad finally died in Allahabad at Alfred Park on 27th Feb 1931. Chandrasekhar Azad was surrounded by the police after an informer told them about him. Chandrashekhar azad held his own against the police party. He took pledge not to be capture alive by the British government. When his ammunition was getting over, he actually shot himself dead with his last bullet.
Park where he died was renamed ‘Chandrashekhar Azad Park’.
Allahabad Museum have the pistol of Azad which he had at the time of death.